संस्कृति: प्रकृति प्रेम का अनूठा उपहार है फूलदेई

उत्तराखंड देश-दुनिया समाज-संस्कृति
खबर शेयर करें

प्रकृति के बिना हम अपने जीवन की कल्पना नहीं कर सकते क्योंकि प्रकृति संरक्षण पर हमारा जीवन निर्भर है। यद्यपि पर्वतीय जीवन ‘पहाड़’ जैसी चुनौतियों से भरा होता है, हालांकि संकट होने के बाद भी सामाजिक उल्लास में कोई कमी नहीं रहती है।

फूलदेई भी कुछ ऐसा ही त्योहार है जो प्रकृति प्रेम का उपहार प्रदान करता है और नव वर्ष के रूप में जीवन में नूतनता का संचार करता है।

जब प्रकृति का स्वरूप बदल रहा है और चारों ओर हरियाली और वसन्त का आगमन कोयल के मधुर गीतों से उद्घोषित होने लगे और तन-मन मे नव-उन्माद छाने लगे तो मानों ‘फूलदेई’ के रूप में अनोखा पल्लवित-पुष्पित उत्सव देहरी पर सहसा ही आ गया। हुआ है।

लोकगीतों का स्वछंद गायन, प्रकृति-वन्दन में संशोधित हो जाता है। ऋतुरैंण व चैती गीत गाए जाने लगते हैं। होली का सतरंगी उल्लास तन-मन को उल्लसित कर देता है। फूलदेई से ही भिटौली का महीना शुरू हो जाता है। जब भाई अपनी विवाहित बहन को भिटौली (उपहार) देकर उसकी ससुराल जाता है।

प्रातःकाल की बेला में ही बच्चे बुराँस, फ्योंली, सरसों, कठफ्योंली, आड़ू, खुबानी, भिटौड़, गुलाब आदि के फूलों को तोड़कर अपने घरों से निकल जाते हैं। इसके बाद वह इन फूलों को घर लाकर ‘रिंगाल’ से बनी अपनी टोकरी में सजाते हैं।

इसके बाद गाँव के बाल घर-घर जाकर कहते हैं-

“फूलदेई, छम्मा देई, दानीणी द्वार, भर भकार
य देई में हो, खुशी अपार, जूटक देला, उतुक पाला
य देई कैं, बारम्बार नमस्कार, फूलदेई, छम्मा देई”

इसका मतलब है “देहरी के फूल आपके लिए शुभ, भरपूर और मंगलमयी हो, घर की देहरी क्षमाशील हों और आप सबकी रक्षा करें, सबके घरों में अन्न का पूर्ण भंडार हो।”

बारी में लोग बच्चों को आशीर्वाद देकर गुड़, चावल, मिठाई और पैसे दक्षिणा के रूप में प्रस्तुत करते हैं। शाम को पारम्परिक शराब बनाकर आस-पड़ोस में प्यार से जुड़े किए जा रहे हैं। इतने बड़े लोक-महत्व के इस महान लोकपर्व वाले समाज का अंग होने पर सबको गर्व की अनुभूति होती है।

इस प्रकार बच्चों को प्रकृति-प्रेम और सामाजिक चिंतन की शिक्षा बचपन से ही देने का यह एक आध्यात्मिक पर्व है। ‘पहला फूलदेई’ बच्चों के लिए प्रकृति का पहला साक्षात्कार होता है। ये बच्चों की आँखों से दुनिया को समझने का पहला प्रयास भी होता है और प्रकृति का पहला सबक भी है।

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